Archive for category Agroforstwirtschaft

Aromatic Trails in Bamboo Agro-Forestry

With the change of guard, India has recently put bamboo related enterprise, including bamboo agro-forestry systems on the fast track. Rightly so, because Bamboo Plantations are some of the best CO2 sinks. With an exceptional growth rate, and very high timber strength- Bamboo Agroforestry systems offer a short cut to increasing our much needed Forest Cover.

It is needless to stress the importance of forest cover, and its implicit symbiotic relationship with existence of life on our planet. Only source of Oxygen- are green plants. Photosynthesis is a photo-sensitive mechanism where-in, plants consume CO2 to produce sugars, releasing oxygen as a bi-product, into the environment.

CO2 is one of the major green-house gases, responsible for heating the atmosphere and Global Warming. Forests, including bamboo-Agroforestry- thus offer one of the most reliable methods to mitigate, or even reverse this phenomenon.

Please refer to the following links on Global Warming and Role of Forests

I was recently in Talwara (Punjab), and Punjab Agriculture University (Ludhiana, Punjab), to study the gaps and bottle-necks, in the nascent Bamboo Industry in India. Nascent- because, Bamboo, having been recently de-regulated from the forest regime- is now easier to grow, transport and trade- thus offering the potential of developing enterprise to produce value added products of this wonderful resource/raw material.

We had the opportunity of visiting the Unati Cooperative in Talwara. Some wonderful work is being undertaken by Mr. Jyoti Swaroop and his Unati Team- a cooperative in true sense- with altruistic and holistic philosophy. Their work (value added products) on and is worthy of appreciation. Sadly though, their bamboo furniture project has been put on a temporary halt, due to lack of availability of proper raw material.

My second halt was at PAU, where I had the pleasure of meeting Dr. Gurvinder Cheema Sahib. Under his direction, many farmer clusters have been created who are undertaking value addition initiatives and direct marketing. His focus on judiciously selected Alternative crops (of which Medicinal and Aromatic Plants is a subset) -- is worthy of appreciation. He has spent probably 3 decades on development of MAP - his knowledge is encyclopedic - and his experiences are an ocean---we farmers can learn a lot from such a resource person. Indeed kind of Dr. Cheema Sahib to have invited me for a cup of tea-- sweetened with his love, and a bit of his beautifully crafted stevia.

Having travelled in various parts of the country, in relation to bamboo- I notice many bottlenecks and road blocks, that need to be evened out to make this a successful enterprise. Some of the issues (elite planting material, rhizome nursery, 2 year old plants, domestication and hardening issues etc.) I had discussed in one of my previous blogs. Besides above, a farmer needs suitable inter-cropping options, to sustain the first three years, while the bamboo plantation is in the process of establishment.

I have been experimenting with Aromatic Grasses as an inter-crop with Bamboo. Depending on the location, soil, water availability and soil type, a suitable site-specific grass could be judiciously selected, amongst Lemongrass, Gingergrass, Citronella, Palmarosa and Vetiver etc.

For River Protection and Soil-rehabilitation of  effluent inflicted/polluted soils, Vetiver and Bamboo Combination is indeed very successful.


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Bambus Gehstock Wanderstock Spazierstock Knuppel

Kürzlich hatten wir einen Bambusbaumschulspezialisten, Mr. Abhijeet, der uns von Agartala, Tripura aus besuchte. Er ist spezialisiert auf Oliveri Bamboo (Ein Eisen Bambus) und wir wurden gute Freunde. Wir hatten viel zu besprechen - in Bezug auf diesen seltenen Eisen-Bambus, seine Vermehrungstechniken und Anwendungen für die Herstellung von Gehstöcken und Wanderstöcken für den internationalen Markt



Iron Bamboo ist ein ausgezeichnetes Material, um Wanderstöcke und Spazierstöcke herzustellen. Europäer und Amerikaner lieben Iron Bamboo für ihre Spazierstöcke (bambus gehstock wanderstock knuppel) .

Diese seltene Art, die auch Calcutta Bamboo genannt wird, ist fast vollständig solide und dennoch flexibel genug, um sich als Rohmaterial für handgefertigte Canes, Bo Staff, Escrima und Kali Sticks zu empfehlen.

Dr. Salil Tewari, ein Agronom und Bambusexperte von internationalem Ruf, derzeit ein Senior Professor at GBPUAT, besucht kürzlich auch unser Bambusetum. Wir haben Bambus seit einigen Jahren als Rohstoff und als Rohmaterial studiert, seit Shisham (Indischer Palisander) auf der C.I.T.E.S. Liste stand. Wir haben schließlich 4 Genotypen von Bambus domestiziert und in die engere Auswahl genommen, darunter 2 der Eisenbambusarten, die wir für Terai-Bedingungen als geeignet befunden haben.

Dr. Salil Tewari ist ein Ozean des Wissens. Ich war damit beschäftigt, Dr. Tewaris Weisheiten zu sammeln, um zu lernen, wie man die Bambusmission in Uttarakhand in den Griff bekommt. Er war glücklich, Stocksii und Oliverii Bambuspflanzen (Iron Bamboo Species) zu sehen, die in Terai domestiziert waren und in unserem Bambushaus gut abschnitten. Wir diskutierten den Abstand, kulturelle Praktiken und vegetative Vermehrungstechniken für die Entwicklung dieser seltenen Sorten.


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